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Financial planning tips

Brighter life
March 16, 2017

Can you use an RESP for an apprenticeship?

Think you can only use an RESP for full-time university or college? Think again these powerful savings tools go well beyond academics.

Contrary to popular belief, a registered education savings plan (RESP) doesn’t only benefit young people bound for full-time college or university.  

The list of eligible programs also includes apprenticeships in skilled trades such as electrical work, welding and plumbing – jobs that will be in high demand as the current generation of skilled tradespeople retires. 

Schools don’t typically track how students fund their apprenticeships, but Matthew Coverdale of the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) Office of the Registrar sees rising interest from students in RESPs.

“I would say more apprentices have been asking us to complete RESP forms than usual,” he says. “About 1 to 2 years ago, we started to see more forms needing to be signed.” 

From its Calgary campus, SAIT offers 35 apprenticeships in programs ranging from cook to electrician to gasfitter to millwright and more. Apprenticeships typically last between 2 and 5 years and consist of a combination of on-the-job training and in-class instruction. SAIT also offers blended apprenticeship-learning programs where the apprentices first study theory online, then receive hands-on training in SAIT’s state-of-the-art labs. 

“Many of our apprentice programs include 8 weeks of coursework a year, and some go up to 12 weeks,” Coverdale said. “Students spend 30 to 40 hours a week in class.” 

According to the Canada Revenue Agency, a program must last at least 3 consecutive weeks to qualify for RESP funds, and apprentices must devote at least 10 hours to instruction or work per week for the duration. 

Even if the school under consideration is not on the federal government’s list of designated educational institutions, it’s worth calling your province’s student financial assistance office to confirm.

An RESP primer

So what, precisely, is an RESP?

It’s a savings plan you set up for a future student in your family or wider circle of loved ones – typically, your child or grandchild. Once enrolled in an eligible program, the student – known as the beneficiary – receives the funds in amounts that you control. 

Friends and family members can contribute to the plan at any time. There’s no annual contribution limit, though the most you can contribute over the plan’s lifetime is $50,000 per beneficiary. 

You can’t deduct these contributions from your income at tax time, as you can with a registered retirement savings plan (RRSP), but the money grows tax-free. Once the student is enrolled in a post-secondary education program, money withdrawn from an RESP is taxed in the student’s hands, not yours. So assuming the student is in a lower tax bracket than you, less tax is payable. 

What really sets RESPs apart, however, is that beneficiaries are eligible for government grants that bulk up the cash even faster. 

Through the Canada Education Savings Grant, for example, the government matches 20% of your annual contributions up to $500 a year, with a lifetime cap of $7,200. Then there’s the Canada Learning Bond, designed to help students from low-income families, which could boost the amount in the plan by another $2,000. 

RESPs: Just 1 of the tools in the apprentice’s kit

One tremendous benefit of apprenticeships is that you are paid for the work you do while simultaneously being trained to do it. Even if your wages are lower than those of someone with more experience, you’re still building up a marketable skill-set, and you can expect your wages to increase substantially when you finish your apprenticeship.

RESP funds can also dovetail nicely with other funding options, such as the Canada Apprentice Loan, under which apprentices can get up to $4,000 in interest-free loans per training period. This is a boon even if interest does start to accrue as soon as they complete their programs. 

A flexible savings option

Finally, it’s worth keeping in mind that an RESP can be held open for up to 36 years after the date it was first created – so there’s no need to worry if the beneficiary hasn’t made a decision right after high school.  

And if they don’t choose post-secondary education, you still have options. You can close the RESP and roll the plan’s tax-deferred growth into your RRSP. Remember, you’ll need the RRSP contribution room to do so (and the RESP will have to have been in place for at least 10 years, AND each person who is or was a beneficiary under the plan will have to have reached age 21). Or you could roll the RESP’s tax-deferred growth into a registered disability savings plan (RDSP). The amount rolled over will count towards the RDSP’s $200,000 lifetime contribution limit, but won’t attract a Canada Disability Savings Grant (CDSG).

With either rollover, you’ll have to give any CESG and CLB funds that were in your RESP back to the government. Your original RESP contributions can come back to you tax-free because you would never have received a tax deduction for those contributions. You can also assign the RESP to another beneficiary. CLB funds, however, can’t be transferred to another child.

Life is an uncertain journey; no one path is guaranteed. But RESPs are powerful tools that provide young learners with the flexibility to set their own course for success, whether that’s a white-collar career or a skilled trade.

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